They were introduced to New Zealand in the late 1800’s. They are also found in the temperate parts (not too hot) of Asia north of the Himalayas, North Africa and the Arabian Peninsula, Europe and the islands off the coast of the UK.
They live in open woodlands, scrubby areas, farms and parks.
They are small, rounded mammals that only weigh about 2 pounds. They have a pointed face and small eyes. They are covered with short spines. They roll up with spines pointed out if they feel threatened.
They mostly live alone except to breed. They are good climbers and swimmers.
They will eat worms, slugs, snails, insects, frogs, lizards and even mice and small birds.
They are killed by dogs, polecats, badgers, owls and man.
Females are pregnant (gestation) for up to 6 weeks and have 1- 9 tiny, undeveloped babies. They are born with spines under their wet skin. As their skin dries after birth, their spines pop out.
They live about 6 years in the wild. They are listed as Lower Risk - least concern.
Species: Erinaceus europaeus
When you research information you must cite the reference. Citing for websites is different from citing from books, magazines and periodicals. The style of citing shown here is from the MLA Style Citations (Modern Language Association).
When citing a WEBSITE the general format is as follows.
Author Last Name, First Name(s). "Title: Subtitle of Part of Web Page, if appropriate." Title: Subtitle: Section of Page if appropriate. Sponsoring/Publishing Agency, If Given. Additional significant descriptive information. Date of Electronic Publication or other Date, such as Last Updated. Day Month Year of access < URL >.
Amsel, Sheri. "Hedgehog" Exploring Nature Educational Resource ©2005-2023. January 31, 2023
< http://exploringnature.org/db/view/Hedgehog >