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Chameleon (Indian)

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Chamaeleo zeylanicus
Indian Chameleon

Range

They are found in India, Sri Lanka, and around South Asia.

Habitat

They live in the trees (arboreal).

Body Traits

They are a patchwork of shades of green and brown arranged in vertical body stripes. If you look at them closely, you can see their colors are made up by thousands of granular scales. Their head has a bony crest and they have cone-shaped eyes that each move on their own, so they can look at two things at once. They have a very long tongue that is sticky to catch prey. Their body is flattened from side to side. Their toes are fused together into two, clawed fingers. This helps them hold onto branches. They have a long, curled, grasping tail (prehensile).

Habits

Their skin can change color when the temperature or light changes or if they are alarmed or aggressive (communication). They move slowly, watching for prey. They move with a bobbing motion.

Diet

They eat insects and other small invertebrates.

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Reproduction

Females lays up to 30 eggs in a hole she has dug in the ground. The eggs will hatch in about 90 days with the hatchings digging themselves out of the soil. Their is no parental care.

Indian Chameleon

Classification

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Iguania
Family: Chamaeleonidae
Genus: Chamaeleo
Species: C. zeylanicus

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