Almost 3/4 of the Earth is covered by oceans (71%). They have huge ecological and economic importance to us. How?
Yet our care of this vital resource does not reflect its great importance to us. We have overfished many areas of the ocean to the point where certain species are near extinction. Sewage, chemical wastes and garbage flows into the ocean from many urban areas around the world down rivers and storm drains and off boats. Plastics have begun to pile up in the ocean, endangering wildlife and polluting our beaches and waterways. Ocean animals choke on, become entangled in and are poisoned by ocean debris. Oil spills destroy ocean and coastal habitats and endanger wildlife.
In 2009, the U.S. established an Ocean Policy Task Force to develop a recommendation for a national policy that ensures protection, maintenance, and restoration of oceans, our coasts and the Great Lakes. It will take an ongoing commitment through international agreements and laws to turn this trend around and protect our vital ocean resources.
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Amsel, Sheri. "Ocean Ecology - Text & Poster" Exploring Nature Educational Resource ©2005-2019. April 23, 2019
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