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Rufus-sided Towhee

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Pipilo erythrophthalmus
Rufus-sided Towhee


They winter in southern Canada, Midwestern U.S. to southern New England. They breed from all across Canada, in the U.S. and south to Central America.


They are found in brushy areas and along the edges of woods.

Body Traits

They have a black head, back and tail, a white belly with rust-colored sides.


They scratch under leaves looking for food.


They eat seeds, nuts and fruits and some insects.

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The female makes a nest of grass, leaves, and bark on the ground in a hidden place. She lays 2 - 6 eggs.

Rufus-sided Towhee


Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Aves
Order:  Passeriformes
Family: Emberizidae
Genus: Pipilo
Species: P. erythrophthalmus

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