They are found in the eastern part of southern Canada and the U.S. through the Midwest.
They live in wet woodlands near streams, marshes or ponds. They are often seen searching around in the leaf litter on the forest floor for food.
Red efts first come out of the water less than an inch long, but can grow over time to up to 4 inches long. They are bright orange with spots but fade to green after a few years. Their front feet have 4 toes and back feet have 5 toes.
They can often be seen as bright orange beacons crossing the road in the forested areas where they live. After several years living on land, they will fade to light green and go back to living in water. They do not develop gills again, but must come to the surface to breath through their lungs.
They eat insects and small wetland animals, like snails and minnows.
Their biggest threat is their forest habitat being cut down by humans. They have toxins (poison) in their skin that would make a predator sick. Their bright orange color warns predators that they taste bad! Even humans should wash their hands if they touch a red eft. They will get stiff and flex their head and tail up if they are bothered. This is to put off predators, which usually look for moving prey.
They lay their eggs in the water. They start out life in the water breathing through gills. As they grow, they develop lungs and can leave the water to live on land.
Species: N. viridescens
When you research information you must cite the reference. Citing for websites is different from citing from books, magazines and periodicals. The style of citing shown here is from the MLA Style Citations (Modern Language Association).
When citing a WEBSITE the general format is as follows.
Author Last Name, First Name(s). "Title: Subtitle of Part of Web Page, if appropriate." Title: Subtitle: Section of Page if appropriate. Sponsoring/Publishing Agency, If Given. Additional significant descriptive information. Date of Electronic Publication or other Date, such as Last Updated. Day Month Year of access < URL >.
Amsel, Sheri. "Salamander (Red Eft or Newt)" Exploring Nature Educational Resource ©2005-2024. January 8, 2024
< http://exploringnature.org/db/view/Salamander-Red-Eft-or-Newt >