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Seal (Leopard)

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Hydrurga leptonyx
Seal (Leopard)


Antarctic Ocean and shores; occasionally along coasts of South America, South Africa, Australia, and New Zealand.


They live in coastal waters and shores.

Body Traits

They can weigh up to 1,000 pounds and reach 10 feet long. Their coat is a silvery-gray with dark spots. They have large front flippers with claws.


They are very fast swimmers.


They eat krill, squid, small seals, penguins, and other birds. Most of their diet is krill, that it strains from the water with its teeth that have special spaces through which it pushes out the sea water and keeps the krill! They also hunt penguins and other seals underwater.


They are killed by humans and killer whales.

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Females are pregnant for almost 2 months before the baby begins to develop. This is called delayed implantation. Once it begins to grow, it is another 9 months before it is born. So all together the female carries the baby for 11 months (gestation).

Lifespan and/or Conservation Status

They can live up to 25 years. They are listed as Lower Risk - least concern.

Seal (Leopard)


Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Caniformia
Family: Phocidae
Genus: Hydrurga
Species: Hydrurga leptonyx

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