science education resource

For K-12 Students • Educators • Homeschool Families • Naturalists

Turnstone (Ruddy)

To view these resources with no ads please Login or Subscribe (and help support our site).

Arenaria interpres
Turnstone (Ruddy)


They are found along coastal shores from California to South America. In the summer, they travel to the arctic to breed from Alaska to Greenland.


They live on rocky coasts, beaches, muddy shores and tundra.

Body Traits

They are a medium-sized bird (7" long) with bright features  during breeding season, but less so in their winter range. Breeding colors are orangey back and black and whit face mask. They have a medium-sized, thick, black, pointed beak that is turned up slightly. They have orangey legs.


They use their slightly upturned beak to turn over stones and things looking for food. They also push their beaks into cracks and between rocks.


They eat little creatures (invertebrates), insects, eggs and scavenge dead animals (carrion).

To view these resources with no ads, please Login or Subscribe (and help support our site).


They nest in a grassy dent on the ground. Females lay several greenish, brown eggs with spots.

Turnstone (Ruddy)


Domain:    Eukarya
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Aves
Order: Charadriiformes
Family: Scolopacidae
Genus: Arenaria
Species: A. interpres

Citing Research References

When you research information you must cite the reference. Citing for websites is different from citing from books, magazines and periodicals. The style of citing shown here is from the MLA Style Citations (Modern Language Association).

When citing a WEBSITE the general format is as follows.
Author Last Name, First Name(s). "Title: Subtitle of Part of Web Page, if appropriate." Title: Subtitle: Section of Page if appropriate. Sponsoring/Publishing Agency, If Given. Additional significant descriptive information. Date of Electronic Publication or other Date, such as Last Updated. Day Month Year of access < URL >.

Here is an example of citing this page:

Amsel, Sheri. "Turnstone (Ruddy)" Exploring Nature Educational Resource ©2005-2023. January 29, 2023
< > has more than 2,000 illustrated animals. Read about them, color them, label them, learn to draw them.