They are found in eastern North America from southern Manitoba east across Canada to Newfoundland and in the U.S. from Texas east. They winter in the southern part of their range from Connecticut south.
They live in moist woodlands and thickets near open fields.
They have a rounded body with a short neck and big eyes. They have a long, thin bill and dark stripes (bars) across the head. Their mottled coloration is great camouflage and helps them blend in as they search the leaf litter for earthworms.
They are active in the evening (at dusk). To attract a mate in the spring, males fly around in a spiral higher and higher in the sky and then dive straight down calling.
They eat mostly worms that they dig out from the leaf litter with their long bill.
The female lays 1 -12 tan, spotted eggs in a shallow dent on the ground.
The American woodcock is also called a timberdoodle.
Woodcock Coloring Page
Species: S. minor
When you research information you must cite the reference. Citing for websites is different from citing from books, magazines and periodicals. The style of citing shown here is from the MLA Style Citations (Modern Language Association).
When citing a WEBSITE the general format is as follows.
Author Last Name, First Name(s). "Title: Subtitle of Part of Web Page, if appropriate." Title: Subtitle: Section of Page if appropriate. Sponsoring/Publishing Agency, If Given. Additional significant descriptive information. Date of Electronic Publication or other Date, such as Last Updated. Day Month Year of access < URL >.
Amsel, Sheri. "Woodcock (American)" Exploring Nature Educational Resource ©2005-2022. August 8, 2022
< http://exploringnature.org/db/view/Woodcock-American >