science education

Exploring Nature Educational Resource:

Life Science, Earth Science, and Physical Science Resources for K-12

Arkansas

Arkansas

Forest
Arkansas once had a rich and diverse forest covering the Mississippi delta, coastal plain, Ouachita and Ozark Mountains. These included bottomland hardwood forests, upland hardwood forests, loblolly pine in wet lowlands and short leaf pine on dry slopes and ridges. Then, in the late1800s, Arkansas was made accessible by expanding rail lines. Lumber companies came in and bought up large tracts of land and started harvesting wood. The lumber industry boomed and over the next 40 years almost 20-million acres of forest would be cut.

Given time, forests do recover. Especially if they are cut with regrowth in mind as some of the Arkansas's forests were. In addition, the mills that survived the lumber bust began selective logging, saving seed trees, and fire prevention. Also, in 1908, more than a million acres of forest in the Ouachitas and Ozarks was claimed by the federal government to start the Ouachita and Ozark National Forests and was protected from cutting.

Today, of Arkansas's 33 million acres, 56% is made up of forest (almost 19 million acres). Of that, less than 20% is in private hands and open to the public in the form of national forests. Arkansas's forests are made up of 41% Oak-Hickory and 30% pine. Of the rest, 16% is bottomland hardwood forest, 11% is Oak-pine forest, and 1% is eastern cedar.

Grasslands
The tallgrass prairies could grow grasses more than eight feet tall. Kept open by fires, the massive root systems would quickly regrow the scorched prairie grass. This also fertilized the soil and kept trees and shrubs from growing. Since the European settled came, over 95% of Arkansas's tallgrass prairie has been lost to farming and development. It is now the rarest ecosystem in the state.

Wetlands
About 8% of Arkansas is covered by wetlands. These include the floodplains of the Mississippi River and its branches, bottomland hardwood forests, cypress swamps, headwater swamps, wet flat-woods and prairies, slope wetlands and others.
Bottomland forests border floodplains so must be able to tolerate "wet feet" like cypress swamps and water tupelo. More than 75% of the bottomland forests were cleared for farming once European settled started farming in Arkansas.

Arkansas

List of Mammals for this State

For more information about Arkansas's mammals (including Latin names) click on individual animal links or for another (off-site) resource: LINK

Coloring Mammals of this State

Arkansas

Labeling Mammals of this State

Arkansas

List of Amphibians & Reptiles for This State

Amphibians

  • amphiuma (three-toed)
  • bullfrog (American)
  • frog (Blanchard's cricket)
  • frog (boreal chorus)
  • frog (Cajun chorus)
  • frog (crawfish)
  • frog (green)
  • frog (pickerel)
  • frog (plains leopard)
  • frog (southern leopard)
  • frog (spotted chorus)
  • frog (Strecker's chorus)
  • frog (upland chorus)
  • frog (wood)
  • hellbender (Ozark)
  • mudpuppy (Red River)
  • newt (central)
  • salamander (Caddo mountain)
  • salamander (cave)
  • salamander (dark-sided)
  • salamander (dwarf)
  • salamander (eastern tiger)
  • salamander (Fourche Mountain)
  • salamander (four-toed)
  • salamander (grotto)
  • salamander (Kiamichi slimy)
  • salamander (many-ribbed)
  • salamander (marbled)
  • salamander (mole)
  • salamander (Oklahoma)
  • salamander (Ouachita dusky)
  • salamander (Ozark zigzag)
  • salamander (Rich Mountain)
  • salamander (ringed)
  • salamander (seal)
  • salamander (small-mouthed)
  • salamander (southern red-backed)
  • salamander (spotted)
  • salamander (spotted dusky)
  • siren (western lesser)
  • spadefoot (eastern)
  • spadefoot (Hurter's)
  • spadefoot (plains)
  • spring peeper
  • toad (dwarf American)
  • toad (eastern narrow-mouthed)
  • toad (Fowler's)
  • toad (Gulf Coast)
  • toad (Rocky Mountain)
  • toad (western narrow-mouthed)
  • treefrog (Cope's gray)
  • treefrog (gray)
  • treefrog (green)
  • treefrog (squirrel)
  • treefrog (western bird-voiced)


Reptiles

  • alligator (American)
  • anole (brown)
  • anole (northern green)
  • gecko (Mediterranean)
  • lizard (eastern collared)
  • lizard (prairie)
  • lizard (prairie racerunner)
  • lizard (Texas horned)
  • lizard (Texas spotted whiptail)
  • lizard (western slender glass)
  • skink (broad-headed)
  • skink (common five-lined)
  • skink (great plains)
  • skink (little brown)
  • skink (southern coal)
  • skink (southern prairie)
  • snake (broad-banded)
  • snake (bullsnake)
  • snake (eastern coachwhip)
  • snake (eastern garter)
  • snake (eastern hog-nosed)
  • snake (flat-headed)
  • snake (Graham's crayfish)
  • snake (great plains ratsnake)
  • snake (Gulf crayfish)
  • snake (lined)
  • snake (Midland brownsnake)
  • snake (Midland watersnake)
  • snake (Midwestern wormsnake)
  • snake (milk)
  • snake (Mississippi green)
  • snake (North American racer)
  • snake (northern diamond-backed watersnake)
  • snake (northern rough greensnake)
  • snake (northern scarlet)
  • snake (orange-striped ribbonsnake)
  • snake (plain-bellied)
  • snake (plains hog-nosed)
  • snake (prairie kingsnake)
  • snake (Queensnake)
  • snake (red-bellied)
  • snake (ring-necked)
  • snake (rough earthsnake)
  • snake (Slowinski's cornsnake)
  • snake (southern copperhead)
  • snake (speckled kingsnake)
  • snake (Texas coralsnake)
  • snake (Texas ratsnake)
  • snake (timber rattlesnake)
  • snake (variable ground)
  • snake (western cottonmouth)
  • snake (western diamond-backed rattlesnake)
  • snake (western mudsnake)
  • snake (western pygmy rattlesnake)
  • snake (smooth earthsnake)
  • snake (western wormsnake)
  • turtle (alligator snapping)
  • turtle (eastern musk)
  • turtle (eastern river cooter)
  • turtle (eastern smooth soft-shell)
  • turtle (Midland smooth softshell)
  • turtle (Mississippi map)
  • turtle (Mississippi mud)
  • turtle (northern map)
  • turtle (ornate box)
  • turtle (Ouachita map)
  • turtle (razor-backed musk)
  • turtle (red-eared slider)
  • turtle (snapping)
  • turtle (spiny soft-shell)
  • turtle (southern painted)
  • turtle (three-toed box)
  • turtle (western chicken)
  • turtle (western painted)
  • turtle (yellow mud)


For more information about Arkansas's amphibians and reptiles (including Latin names) click on individual animal links or for another (off-site) resource: LINK

Coloring Amphibians & Reptiles of this State

Arkansas

Labeling Amphibians & Reptiles of this State

Arkansas

Bird List for This State

To look up individual birds go to the Exploring Nature Birds Database.

  • avocet (American)
  • anhinga
  • ani (groove-billed)
  • bittern (American)
  • bittern (least)
  • blackbird (Brewer's)
  • blackbird (red-winged)
  • blackbird (rusty)
  • blackbird (yellow-headed)
  • bluebird (eastern)
  • bluebird (mountain)
  • bobolink
  • bobwhite (northern)
  • bunting (indigo)
  • bunting (Lazuli)
  • bunting (painted)
  • bunting (snow)
  • cardinal (northern)
  • catbird (gray)
  • chat (yellow-breasted)
  • chickadee (Carolina)
  • chuck-will's-widow
  • coot (American)
  • cormorant (double-crested)
  • cormorant (neotropical)
  • cowbird (brown-headed)
  • crane (sandhill)
  • creeper (brown)
  • crossbill (red)
  • crossbill (white-winged)
  • crow (American)
  • crow (fish)
  • cuckoo (black-billed)
  • cuckoo (yellow-billed)
  • curlew (long-billed)
  • dickcissel
  • dove (common ground)
  • dove (eastern collared-dove)
  • dove (Inca)
  • dove (mourning)
  • dove (rock) - Pigeon
  • dove (white-winged)
  • dowitcher (long-billed)
  • dowitcher (short-billed)
  • duck (American black)
  • duck (American wigeon)
  • duck (Barrow's goldeneye)
  • duck (black-bellied whistling)
  • duck (black scoter)
  • duck (blue-winged teal)
  • duck (bufflehead)
  • duck (canvasback)
  • duck (cinnamon teal)
  • duck (common goldeneye)
  • duck (fulvous whistling)
  • duck (gadwall)
  • duck (garganey)
  • duck (green-winged teal)
  • duck (greater scaup)
  • duck (lesser scaup)
  • duck (long-tailed)
  • duck (mallard)
  • duck (mottled)
  • duck (northern pintail)
  • duck (northern shoveler)
  • duck (redhead)
  • duck (ring-necked)
  • duck (ruddy)
  • duck (surf scoter)
  • duck (tufted)
  • duck (white-winged scoter)
  • duck (wood)
  • dunlin
  • eagle (bald)
  • eagle (golden)
  • egret (cattle)
  • egret (great)
  • egret (snowy)
  • falcon (peregrine)
  • falcon (prairie)
  • flicker (northern)
  • frigatebird (magnificent)
  • finch (house)
  • finch (purple)
  • flycatcher (Acadian)
  • flycatcher (fork-tailed)
  • flycatcher (great-crested)
  • flycatcher (least)
  • flycatcher (olive-sided)
  • flycatcher (scissor-tailed)
  • flycatcher (vermilion)
  • flycatcher (willow)
  • flycatcher (yellow-bellied)
  • gallinule (purple)
  • gannet (northern)
  • gnatcatcher (blue-gray)
  • godwit (Hudsonian)
  • godwit (marbled)
  • goldfinch (American)
  • goldfinch (lesser)
  • goose (brant)
  • goose (cackling)
  • goose (Canada)
  • goose (greater white-fronted)
  • goose (Ross's)
  • goose (snow)
  • goshawk (northern)
  • grackle (common)
  • grackle (great-tailed)
  • grebe (eared)
  • grebe (horned)
  • grebe (pied-billed)
  • grebe (red-necked)
  • grebe (western)
  • grosbeak (black-headed)
  • grosbeak (blue)
  • grosbeak (evening)
  • grosbeak (pine)
  • grosbeak (rose-breasted)
  • grouse (ruffed)
  • gull (black-headed)
  • gull (Bonaparte's)
  • gull (California)
  • gull (Franklin's)
  • gull (glaucous)
  • gull (herring)
  • gull (laughing)
  • gull (lesser black-backed)
  • gull (little)
  • gull (ring-billed))
  • gull (Sabine's)
  • gull (Thayer's)
  • harrier (northern)
  • hawk (broad-winged)
  • hawk (Cooper's)
  • hawk (ferruginous)
  • hawk (red-shouldered)
  • hawk (red-tailed)
  • hawk (rough-legged)
  • hawk (sharp-shinned)
  • hawk (Swainson's)
  • heron (black-crowned night)
  • heron (great blue)
  • heron (little blue)
  • heron (green)
  • heron (tricolored)
  • heron (yellow-crowned night)
  • hummingbird (Anna's)
  • hummingbird (black-chinned)
  • hummingbird (broad-billed)
  • hummingbird (broad-tailed)
  • hummingbird (buff-bellied)
  • hummingbird (calliope)
  • hummingbird (green violetear)
  • hummingbird (magnificent)
  • hummingbird (ruby-throated)
  • hummingbird (rufous)
  • ibis (glossy)
  • ibis (white)
  • ibis (white-faced)
  • jaeger (long-tailed)
  • jaeger (parasitic)
  • jaeger (pomarine)
  • jay (blue)
  • junco (dark-eyed)
  • kestrel (American)
  • killdeer
  • kingbird (Cassin's)
  • kingbird (Couch's)
  • kingbird (eastern)
  • kingbird (western)
  • kingfisher (belted)
  • kinglet (golden-crowned)
  • kinglet (ruby-crowned)
  • kite (Mississippi)
  • kite (swallow-tailed)
  • kite (white-tailed)
  • kittiwake (black-legged)
  • lark (horned)
  • longspur (chestnut-collared)
  • longspur (Lapland)
  • longspur (McCown's)
  • longspur (Smith's)
  • loon (common)
  • loon (Pacific)
  • loon (red throated)
  • loon (yellow-billed)
  • marten (purple)
  • meadowlark (eastern)
  • meadowlark (western)
  • merganser (common)
  • merganser (hooded)
  • merganser (red-breasted)
  • merlin
  • mockingbird (northern)
  • moorhen (common)
  • murrelet (long-billed)
  • nighthawk (common)
  • nutcracker (Clark's)
  • nuthatch (brown-headed)
  • nuthatch (red-breasted)
  • nuthatch (white-breasted)
  • oriole (Baltimore)
  • oriole (Bullock's)
  • oriole (orchard)
  • oriole (Scott's)
  • osprey
  • ovenbird
  • owl (barn)
  • owl (barred)
  • owl (burrowing)
  • owl (eastern screech)
  • owl (great horned)
  • owl (long-eared)
  • owl (northern saw-whet)
  • owl (short-eared)
  • owl (snowy)
  • parula (northern)
  • pelican (American white)
  • pelican (brown)
  • phalarope (red)
  • phalarope (red-necked)
  • phalarope (Wilson's)
  • phoebe (eastern)
  • phoebe (Say's)
  • pigeon (rock)
  • pine siskin
  • pipit (American)
  • pipit (Sprague's)
  • plover (American golden)
  • plover (black-bellied)
  • plover (mountain)
  • plover (piping)
  • plover (semipalmated)
  • plover (snowy)
  • plover (Wilson's)
  • rail (black)
  • rail (king)
  • rail (Virginia)
  • rail (yellow)
  • red knot
  • redpoll (common)
  • redstart (American)
  • roadrunner (greater)
  • robin (American)
  • ruff
  • sanderling
  • sandpiper (Baird's)
  • sandpiper (buff-breasted)
  • sandpiper (curlew)
  • sandpiper (least)
  • sandpiper (pectoral)
  • sandpiper (purple)
  • sandpiper (semipalmated)
  • sandpiper (solitary)
  • sandpiper (spotted)
  • sandpiper (stilt)
  • sandpiper (western)
  • sandpiper (white-rumped)
  • shrike (loggerhead)
  • skimmer (black)
  • snipe (Wilson's)
  • solitaire (Townsend's)
  • sora
  • sparrow (American tree)
  • sparrow (Bachman's)
  • sparrow (chipping)
  • sparrow (clay-colored)
  • sparrow (field)
  • sparrow (fox)
  • sparrow (grasshopper)
  • sparrow (Harris's)
  • sparrow (Henslow's)
  • sparrow (house)
  • sparrow (lark)
  • sparrow (LeConte's)
  • sparrow (Lincoln's)
  • sparrow (Nelson's sharp-tailed)
  • sparrow (rufous-crowned)
  • sparrow (savannah)
  • sparrow (song)
  • sparrow (swamp)
  • sparrow (vesper)
  • sparrow (white-crowned)
  • sparrow (white-throated)
  • spoonbill (roseate)
  • starling (European)
  • stilt (black-necked)
  • stork (wood)
  • swallow (bank)
  • swallow (barn)
  • swallow (cave)
  • swallow (cliff)
  • swallow (north rough-winged)
  • swallow (tree)
  • swan (mute)
  • swan (trumpeter)
  • swan (tundra)
  • swift (chimney)
  • swift (white-throated)
  • tanager (scarlet)
  • tanager (summer)
  • tanager (western)
  • tern (black)
  • tern (bridled)
  • tern (Caspian)
  • tern (common)
  • tern (Forster's)
  • tern (least)
  • tern (royal)
  • tern (sooty)
  • titmouse (tufted)
  • towhee (eastern)
  • towhee (green-tailed)
  • towhee (spotted)
  • thrasher (brown)
  • thrush (gray-cheeked)
  • thrush (hermit)
  • thrush (Swainson's)
  • thrush (wood)
  • turkey (wild)
  • turnstone (ruddy)
  • veery
  • vireo (Bell's)
  • vireo (blue-headed)
  • vireo (Philadelphia)
  • vireo (red-eyed)
  • vireo (warbling)
  • vireo (white-eyed)
  • vireo (yellow-throated)
  • vulture (black)
  • vulture (turkey)
  • warbler (bay-breasted)
  • warbler (black and white)
  • warbler (Blackburnian)
  • warbler (blackpoll)
  • warbler (black-throated blue)
  • warbler (black-throated gray)
  • warbler (black-throated green)
  • warbler (blue-winged)
  • warbler (Canada)
  • warbler (Cape May)
  • warbler (cerulean)
  • warbler (chestnut-sided)
  • warbler (Connecticut)
  • warbler (golden-winged)
  • warbler (hermit)
  • warbler (hooded)
  • warbler (Kentucky)
  • warbler (magnolia)
  • warbler (mourning)
  • warbler (Nashville)
  • warbler (orange-crowned)
  • warbler (palm)
  • warbler (pine)
  • warbler (prairie)
  • warbler (prothonotary)
  • warbler (Swainson's)
  • warbler (Tennessee)
  • warbler (Wilson's)
  • warbler (worm-eating)
  • warbler (yellow)
  • warbler (yellow-breasted)
  • warbler (yellow-rumped)
  • warbler (yellow-throated)
  • waterthrush (Louisiana)
  • waterthrush (northern)
  • waxwing (Bohemian)
  • waxwing (cedar)
  • wheatear (northern)
  • whimbrel
  • whip-poor-will
  • willet
  • woodcock (American)
  • woodpecker (downy)
  • woodpecker (hairy)
  • woodpecker (ivory-billed) - rare
  • woodpecker (Lewis's)
  • woodpecker (pileated)
  • woodpecker (red-bellied)
  • woodpecker (red-cockaded)
  • woodpecker (red-headed)
  • woodpecker (yellow-bellied sapsucker)
  • wood-pewee (eastern)
  • wren (Bewick's)
  • wren (Carolina)
  • wren (house)
  • wren (marsh)
  • wren (rock)
  • wren (sedge)
  • wren (winter)
  • yellowlegs (greater)
  • yellowlegs (lesser)
  • yellowthroat (common)

For more information about Arkansas's birds (including Latin names) click on individual animal links or for another (off-site) resource: LINK

Coloring Birds of this State

Arkansas

Labeling Birds of this State

Arkansas

State Symbols of this State

Arkansas

Recommended Book/Product

All About Animals Flip Chart Set
Each Curriculum Mastery Flip Chart is mounted on a sturdy easel and features:
• 10 Double-sided, laminated 12" x 18" charts
   – Side 1 features a colorful, graphic overview of the topic
   – Side 2 serves as a "write-on/wipe-off" activity chart featuring questions, labeling exercises, vocabulary review & more!
• Activity Guide featuring black-line copy-masters & exercises
Set Includes the following 10 charts:

  1. The Animal Kingdom
  2. Vertebrates
  3. Invertebrates
  4. Animal Ranges
  5. Physical Adaptations
  6. Behavioral Adaptations
  7. Animal Life Cycles
  8. Animal Locomotion
  9. Animal Habitats
  10. Animal Tracks and Signs
All About Animals Flip Chart Set

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When citing a WEBSITE the general format is as follows.
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Here is an example of citing this page:

Amsel, Sheri. "Arkansas" Exploring Nature Educational Resource ©2005-2017. January 19, 2017
< http://exploringnature.org/db/view/831 >

Exploringnature.org has more than 2,000 illustrated animals. Read about them, color them, label them, learn to draw them.

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